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    The Health and Fitness Program/Curriculum at Coe School strives to share in the responsibility of developing positive intellectual, emotional and social skills of our students. Physical activity is proven to enhance intellectual learning and growth. In a success oriented environment, games and sports can enhance our students’ emotional and social skills. We learn about the differences between people, healthy competition, teamwork and sportsmanship. We learn about playing fair, winning with humility, losing with grace and respecting others. The students learn fitness concepts and health and nutrition concepts within the context of fun games. The ultimate goal is to provide a quality health and fitness program that builds knowledge, fitness, movement skills, social well being and confidence so all students can enjoy a healthy active lifestyle, and for students to develop a lifelong appreciation for physical activity and good nutrition.

    A key component of the Health and Fitness curriculum is the understanding of five basic fitness components. They are cardio-respiratory endurance, flexibility, muscular strength, muscular endurance and body composition. All students learn about the five fitness components and actively engage in their practice. 3rd through 5th grade students are tested twice a year by running the Pacer, doing push-ups, doing curl-ups (sit-ups) and measuring the flexibility of the hamstrings and lower back. After the fall pre-test, students engage in goal-setting. The students are tested again in the spring to check for progress towards their goals.

    Here is a brief description of the five fitness components.

    Cardio-respiratory Endurance (tested by the Pacer, a timed 20 meter run)

    Cardio-respiratory endurance is the ability of the heart and lungs to supply oxygen to the body during long periods of physical activity. Distance measurements such as the Pacer are used to determine the strength of the heart. Muscles demand oxygen to produce energy. The heart is the muscle that delivers oxygen to the rest of the body. During the Pacer, when a person slows down, it is because his/her muscles are not receiving enough oxygen from the heart and this determines the level of cardio-respiratory endurance.

    Flexibility (tested by the v-sit and reach)

    Flexibility is the muscles’ ability to move a joint through a full range of motion. It is important for reducing the risk of injury and enhancing performance in activities. A common way to measure flexibility is the sit and reach measurement. This measurement is done using a box designed to determine how far the body will stretch forward at the waist.

    Muscular Endurance (tested by curl-ups)

    Muscular endurance is the ability of the muscles to work over a long period of time without becoming tired. Being able to keep the muscles working without having to stop and rest is important for everyone. The one-minute curl-up measurement is used to determine the amount of muscular endurance in the abdominals and hips.

    Muscular Strength (tested by push-ups)

    Muscular strength is the ability of a muscle or muscles to push or pull with its total force. Strength is a part of every movement. The push-up is a measure of muscular strength. This measurement is done by performing as many right angle push-ups as possible. By improving muscular strength, every physical activity becomes easier.

    Body Composition (not tested)

    Body composition is the relationship between fat-free mass and fat mass. Fat-free mass is the combined weight of the bones, muscles and organs. Fat mass is the total weight of fat stored in the body. A healthy body is the correct relationship of fat-free mass and fat mass. Healthy body composition is maintained at approximately 80% fat free mass and 20% fat mass. Students come to understand that regular physical activity and good nutritional habits should accomplish a healthy body composition.